The violin is a wooden string instrument with components of a violin are usually made from different types of wood.
The violin typically has four strings usually tuned in perfect fifths with notes G3, D4, A4, E5, and is most commonly played by drawing a bow across its strings. It can also be played by plucking the strings with the fingers (this style of playing is called pizzicato).
The violin was first known in 16th-century Italy, with some further modifications occurring in the 18th and 19th centuries to give the instrument a more powerful sound and projection.
Violin is used in may music styles such as classical music as a very large part of a symphony orchestra where are usually divided into two sections, known as the first and second violins or a part of an ensemble such as string quartet or as a solo instrument.
Violin also appears in ensembles supplying orchestral backgrounds to many jazz recordings.
Violin is also used in Indian music where the instrument is tuned so that the IV and III strings (G and D on a western-tuned violin) and the II and I (A and E) strings are sa–pa (do–sol) pairs and sound the same but are offset by an octave. The way the musician holds the instrument varies from Western to Indian music. In Indian music the musician sits on the floor cross-legged with the right foot out in front of them.
Violin has also very important role in popular music as an acoustic instrument or electric instrument.
Very important role plays violin as well in Arabic music.
Some of the most famous violinists of all the time
- Jascha Heifetz (1901-1974)
- Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840)
- David Fyodorovich Oistrakh (1908-1974)
- Itzhak Perlman (1945)
- Hilary Hahn (1979)
- Friedrich “Fritz” Kreisler (1875-1962)
- Pablo de Sarasate (1844–1908)
- Nathan Mironovich Milstein (1904-1992)
Some of the most famous violin pieces of all the time
- J. S. Bach - Partita No. 2, Chaconne
- N. Paganini - Caprice No. 24
- C. Saint-Saëns - Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso
- P. Sarasate - Zigeunerweisen
- J. Sibelius - Violin Concerto
- A. Vivaldi - The Four Seasons
- E. Ysaye - Violin Sonata No. 3
- J. Williams - Schindler’s List